When the cloud era promised cost-reduction and speed-to-market in the early days, it worked well for startups to build IT in the cloud from scratch without heavy investments upfront. It was not necessarily the case for traditional enterprises as they already had invested in their IT estate along with their staff educated and processes optimized to build and run IT on the premises. Those days are long gone since startups and innovators disrupted the market place of traditional enterprises. Cloud technologies evolved significantly and it is no longer a discussion of cost reduction or operational excellence, but more of new technologies, agility and innovation. Today, some form of cloud adoption is inevitable for any enterprise to thrive, otherwise survive, in the digital era.